There is this one most important thing you need to consider while buying a car or a bike and that is ” ABS – Anti-lock braking system”
When you’re buying a new car or bike, you usually get puzzled seeing the features of the vehicle and in this list i.e; the feature list, you might have noticed something called as ABS and this term is usually highlighted. Basically, we talk or hear about this term on a daily basis but most of them don’t know what this is, what is it’s advantages and also how it works.
Carry on reading below to know:
what ABS is (Anti-lock braking system or Anti-skid braking system) and how it works.
This is one of the most common feature that is available in bikes and cars these days and it is one such feature that helps you immensely by taking care of your safety and at lethal situations, saves your life too. ABS is an automated system which uses the principles of threshold braking and cadence braking in order to help your vehicle wheels from getting locked.
Going deeper into the term ABS, take a scenario where a biker or a car driver applies complete brakes suddenly in order to stop. At this point of time, the vehicle wheel stops rolling in order to deaccelerate quickly and stops the rider’s vehicle but the time interval is so less that he tends to apply complete brakes and at this point of time, his vehicle’s wheels get jammed (locked). What happens after this is that, the bike, as well as the rider, lose balance and they fall, the bike gets dragged for a distance depending on the speed of the bike.
But in case of the car once the wheels get jammed it’ll skid along with, you not able to rotate the steering to change the direction of the car and you won’t be able to dodge any obstacles appearing in front of you.
Let us comprehend this with another simple example. Say you’re pushing a heavy loaded box on the floor. It takes quite some time as well as an extra force to start moving it. But, once the box gains momentum the box moves more quickly and moves even with decreased force. Here, the principle of friction comes into action. The sliding friction decreases relatively when compared to rolling friction. Let us merge both the scenarios. Once the vehicle wheels get jammed, the sliding friction reduces and hence allowing it to slide easily.
This is when ABS comes into the picture. This system works very intelligently. Multiple sensors are fixed on the vehicle wheels which send data about the speed of the vehicle to the control unit. This control unit analyses the data and allows the ABS to work accordingly. Specifically, the data contained is, the rate of deacceleration. By this, the ABS unit (containing valves which produce pressure) along with the help of sensors understand and predict if the wheels could get jammed or not and therefore control the brakes by applying it in a pumping manner (in the form of pulses – on and off mechanism) by which the vehicle stops definitely but with the best possible way and without the wheels getting jammed. ABS generally offers improved vehicle control and decreases stopping distances on dry and slippery surfaces; however, on loose gravel or snow-covered surfaces, ABS can significantly increase braking system, although still improving vehicle steering control.
ABS also eliminates the skidding of vehicles. It consists of different units like brake cylinder, brake caliper, wheel speed sensors, ABS unit, tone wheel etc. Recent versions not only prevent wheel lock under braking but also electronically control the front-to-rear brake bias.
So, in case you’re planning to buy a bike or a car, I would highly recommend you to opt a bike or car with the ABS version even though it is a little costlier than the base models. Afterall, safety matters more.
I hope that this article has helped you understand the technology instilled in ABS. Stay tuned for more informative posts.
Thank you, hope you liked it. Please do comment if you have any queries regarding this topic, and you can also suggest me to write about any other technology topic and I will consider it.
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